FASS > Resources > Glossary
- An illness that lasts for an extended period of time, sometimes a lifetime.
- A long-term disability that has periods of good health, followed by periods of disability. The severity and consistency of these periods vary between people.
- A way of speaking that emphasizes a person’s identity. For example, I am a disabled person.
Invisible Disability/ Hidden disability
- Any disability that is not immediately noticeable.
- A way of speaking that emphasizes a person being separate from their diagnosis. For example, he lives with depression, or he has depression.
Person with a disability
- A person with a mental or physical impairment that significantly limits one or more major life activities.
Faith & Beliefs
- How an individual associates themselves with a particular religion, denomination, or religious group.
- Strong consideration for the human spirit or soul.
- An umbrella term that refers to all sexual and gender identities outside of heterosexual and cisgender identities. These include (but are not limited to) Two-Spirit, Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, Intersex, Asexual, Agender, Non-binary and Pansexual identities.
- Sexual or romantic attraction to the opposite gender (assuming that there are only two genders).
- Identifying with the gender one was assigned at birth.
- An umbrella term used in Inidgenous cultures to describe an individual who has both a masculine and a feminine spirit.
- A woman who is attracted to other women.
- A man who is attracted to other men.
- A person who is romantically or sexually attracted to more than one gender
- A person whose gender identity does not correspond with the one they were assigned at birth.
- A term to describe any identity under the 2SLGBTQIA+ umbrella.
- A person whose sexual or reproductive anatomy does not match the typical definition of “male” or “female”.
- A person who does not feel sexual attraction to others.
- Someone who does not identify with any particular gender.
- An individual who does not exclusively identify with either “male” or “female” gender identities.
- A person who is sexually or romantically attracted to people of any gender or sexuality.
Adoption / Kinship
- Adoption: Legally taking in another person’s child and raising it as your own child; Kinship: blood relationship
- An acronym that stands for Black, Indigenous, People of Colour.
- The result of combinations of impairments and environmental barriers that affect people’s full participation in society
- Identity based on a shared culture and history.
- A way a person expresses heir gender identity in appearance, dress, behaviour.
- A persons gender in which they identify with, may or may not be related to their biological sex and gender given at birth. A gender that an individual deeply identifies with, that may more may not be the same as their gender assigned at birth.
- Being in a romantic relationship with one person at a time.
- Gender identities that are beyond that of a man or woman.
- Engaging in romantic and/or sexual relationships with more than one person, where all parties consent.
- The use of power and privilege over disadvantaged groups in order to maintain that power and privilege. Oppression can be in the form of physical, psychological, social, economic threats or force.
- The pronoun a person chooses to use for themselves. Gender pronouns are used to refer to people in sentences and conversations. Can include and is not limited to: he/him/his (masculine pronouns) she/her/hers (feminine pronouns) they/them/theirs (neutral pronouns) ze/zir/zirs (neutral pronouns) ze/hir/hirs (neutral pronouns).
- The wellbeing and care given to a mother and newborn baby after birth.
- Unearned power, benefits, advantages, access and/or opportunities.
- An identity based on shared physical characteristics attributed to a group of people who typically have a common geographic origin. A group of people that are categorized based on shared physical or social qualities within a specific geographical area.
- The process by which ethnic or racial identities are assigned to a relationship, social practice, or group that did not identify as such.
- A person's pattern of which gender(s) they tend to be attracted to romantically, emotionally, and sexually.
- The act of confirming something to be true and providing assurance.
- A perspective and movement that works toward acceptance of all bodies.
- A perspective that supports and advocates for women’s rights and interests.
- A perspective to therapy that is accepting and non-shaming of all types of sexual preferences.
- A perspective that views sex and sexuality as positive aspects of life.
- A physiological dependency on a substance influenced by biological, environmental, and social factors.
- Emotional, mental, and physical exhaustion from long periods of stress.
- Multiple traumas experienced resulting in persistent feelings of shame, guilt affecting well-being.
- Repetitive behaviour(s) or action(s) that an individual feels they must perform.
- or “cultural humility” is when you are a learner and not a teacher when it comes understanding alternative perspectives.
- A coping strategy to manage feelings of being overwhelmed-may feel like periods of time have passed and you have no memory of what happened.
- The ability to respond to situations without the influence of intense emotion. This includes the ability to be flexible, and even delay, emotional reactions.
- Multiple traumatic events a community experiences over generations.
- A self-chosen identity for those use mental health services currently, or have used mental health services in the past. Typically referring to a mental illness.
- An individual whose cognitive functioning is deemed to be outside of what is considered “normal” by society at large.
- An individual’s fixation on an idea or thought that may preoccupy their mind.
- An extreme fear of something.
- Those who are using psychiatric services, or those who have used psychiatric services in the past.
Risky health behaviors
- Activities carried out by an individual that could have negative consequences for their physical or mental health.
- A process of communication where one person reveals information about themselves to another. In a therapeutic alliance, the therapist can choose to “self-disclose” and reveal information about themselves including their thoughts, feelings, aspirations, goals, failures, successes.
- A way of structuring fees for therapy that some professionals use to provide lower fees to those with fewer resources to pay.
- is a response to a terrifying event that overwhelms someone’s ability to cope causing feelings of hopelessness.
Professional Designations & Ontario Regulatory Bodies
College of Registered Psychotherapists of Ontario (CRPO)
- A governing body that regulates the practices of Psychotherapists in Ontario. People practicing psychotherapy must be registered with the CRPO.
OCSWSSW (The Ontario College of Social Workers and Social Service Workers)
- A professional organization that sets out guidelines for social workers to follow when they work with the public, to ensure public safety. Social Workers and Social Service Workers must be registered with the College to officially use these professional titles.
- A professional with a medical degree and speciality training in psychiatry who is also able to prescribe medications. They are OHIP covered and provide diagnostic assessment and treatment recommendations.
- A licensed professional who is trained in assessing and treating mental health issues. They have a Master’s degree in Psychology, and tend to work under experienced clinicians’ supervision. Unlike a registered psychologist, they do not have a doctoral level degree.
- A professional with a PhD in the field of psychology, who performs talk therapy as well as psychological testing and diagnostic assessments. Their fees are not covered by OHIP and they cannot prescribe medication.
- A professional who is trained to treat people for their emotional concerns. Psychotherapists must be registered with the Ontario College of Psychotherapists.
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying)
- A therapist who has completed their official training and is registered with the College of Registered Psychotherapists of Ontario (CRPO), but can only practice with clinical supervision (supported by a more experienced clinician) until they meet Registered Psychotherapist requirements. These requirements include completing supervision hours and writing an exam.
Registered Social Worker
- A professional who provides psychological and emotional support to individuals. Social workers work from the biopsychosocial perspective, meaning that they consider many different factors (including the person’s environment) in their practice. A social worker can work in a variety of settings and many provide psychotherapy services upon obtaining their MSW (Master’s degree in Social Work).
Acceptance and commitment therapy
- Motivates people to accept their emotions and thoughts instead of resisting or feeling bad about them.
- A practice that emphasizes the systemic and institutionalized oppression that impacts groups and communities.
Cognitive Behavioural (CBT)
- A therapeutic approach that focuses on challenging thoughts and behaviours that cause distress and replacing them with new coping mechanisms and problem solving solutions.
Dialectical Behavioural (DBT)
- A therapeutic approach falling under the category of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), focusing on providing strategies to assist the individual in feeling more in control of their emotions and behaviours. There is an emphasis on developing skills pertaining to interpersonal relationships.
Emotion Focused (EFT)
- A therapeutic approach that focuses on emotions as being key to one’s identity. It assumes that lacking emotional awareness or avoiding unpleasant emotions can cause harm.
Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR)
- Therapy for PTSD using eye movements to help process traumatic memories.
- A holistic, person-centered form of psychotherapy that is focused on an individual’s present life and challenges rather than delving into past experiences.
Internal family systems
- Creates methods and approaches to fix problems successfully within the inner group or family of a person.
- The connection between various social categories such as race, gender, ability, class, religion, sexual orientation, sexual identity, etc. The combination of identities can have a unique impact on the individual.
- The ability to be in the present, noticing thoughts good & bad without judgment.
- Therapy that utilizes meditation to practice non-judgement and self-peace.
- Reflects on the development and solution of doubt and relies on specific motivational factors that promote improvement.
- Therapy that believes the person is in control of their own story. Sharing narratives, or story-telling, can be used to identify the person's strengths.
- A psychotherapeutic approach primarily used to help children ages 3-12 to explore their lives and freely express repressed thoughts and emotions through play.
- Scientific study of what makes life worth living by looking at positive features of the individual.
- A process where we collect sensory information through touch, smell, sight, taste, and sound.
- Discusses sexual issues with couples and/or individuals.
- A type of therapy that places importance on the mind-body connection.
Trauma focused therapy
- Provides skills and methods to help to better understand, cope, and manage feelings and thoughts related to traumatic events.
Trauma informed therapy**
- Therapists create a trusting place to help clients connect past trauma to body reactions with a focus on healing. (not sure what does * indicate).